African countries and their history

Quick Facts

Algeria

  • Full name: The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Population: 35.4 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Algiers
  • Area: 2.4 million sq km (919,595 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic, French, Berber
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 dinar = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Oil, gas
    For further information on Chronological Events 

Angola

  • Full name: The Republic of Angola
  • Population: 18.9 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Luanda
  • Area: 1.25m sq km (481,354 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 47 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 kwanza = 100 lwei
  • Main exports: Oil, diamonds, minerals, coffee, fish, timber
  • GNI per capita: US $3,490 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Benin

  • Full name: The Republic of Benin
  • Population: 9.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Porto-Novo
  • Area: 112,622 sq km (43,484 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French (official) Fon, Ge, Bariba, Yoruba, Dendi
  • Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 62 years (men), 65 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cotton, palm oil
  • GNI per capita: US $750 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Botswana

  • Full name: The Republic of Botswana
  • Population: 1.9 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Gaborone
  • Area: 581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Setswana
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Pula = 100 thebe
  • Main exports: Diamonds, copper, nickel, beef
  • GNI per capita: US $6,240 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Burkina Faso

  • Full name: Burkina Faso
  • Population: 16.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Ouagadougou
  • Area: 274,200 sq km (105,870 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, indigenous languages
  • Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 53 years (men), 56 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cotton, animal products, gold
  • GNI per capita: US $510 (World Bank, 2009
    For further information on Chronological Events

Burundi

  • Full name: Republic of Burundi
  • Population: 8.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Bujumbura
  • Area: 27,816 sq km (10,740 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 54 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Burundi franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
  • GNI per capita: US $150 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Cameroon

  • Full name: Republic of Cameroon
  • Population: 19.9 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Yaounde
  • Area: 475,442 sq km (183,568 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, English, languages of Bantu, Semi-Bantu and Sudanic groups
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 52 years (men), 53 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Crude oil and petroleum products, timber, cocoa, aluminium, coffee, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $1,170 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Cape Verde

  • Full name: The Republic of Cape Verde
  • Population: 512,600 (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Praia
  • Area: 4,033 sq km (1,557 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a mixture of archaic Portuguese and African words)
  • Major religions: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Cape Verdean escudo = 100 centavos
  • Main exports: Shoes, clothes, fish, bananas, hides, pozzolana (volcanic rock, used to make cement)
  • GNI per capita: US $3,010 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Central African Rep

  • Full name: Central African Republic
  • Population: 4.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Bangui
  • Area: 622,984 sq km (240,535 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Sangho (lingua franca)
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 47 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
  • GNI per capita: US $450 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events 

Chad

  • Full name: The Republic of Chad
  • Population: 11.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: N’Djamena
  • Area: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cotton, oil, livestock, textiles
  • GNI per capita: US $610 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Congo

  • Full name: Republic of the Congo
  • Population: 3.7 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Brazzaville
  • Area: 342,000 sq km (132,047 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, indigenous African languages
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous African beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 53 years (men), 56 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Oil, timber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
  • GNI per capita: US $1,830 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Dem. Rep. Congo (Zaire)
Djibouti

  • Full name: The Republic of Djibouti
  • Population: 879,100 (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Djibouti
  • Area: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 58 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Djiboutian franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (re-exported from Ethiopia)
  • GNI per capita: US $1,280 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Egypt

  • Full name: Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Population: 84.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Area: 1 million sq km (386,874 sq miles)
  • Major language: Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 69 years (men), 73 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Egyptian Pound = 100 piastres
  • Main exports: Petroleum, petroleum products and cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $2,070 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Equatorial Guinea

  • Full name: The Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • Population: 693,40 (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Malabo
  • Area: 28,051 sq km (10,830 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Spanish, French
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 53 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Petroleum, timber, cocoa
  • GNI per capita: US $12,420 (World Bank, 2008)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Eritrea

  • Full name: The State of Eritrea
  • Population: 5.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Asmara
  • Area: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 59 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Nakfa = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Livestock, hides, sorghum, textiles, salt, light manufactures
  • GNI per capita: US $300 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Ethiopia

  • Full name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Population: 84.9 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Area: 1.13 million sq km (437,794 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Birr = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Coffee, hides, oilseeds, beeswax, sugarcane
  • GNI per capita: US $330 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Gabon

  • Full name: The Gabonese Republic
  • Population: 1.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Area: 267,667 sq km (103,347 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Bantu-group languages
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 61 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium
  • GNI per capita: US $7,370 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Gambia

  • Full name: Republic of The Gambia
  • Population: 1.7 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Banjul
  • Area: 11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 dalasi = 100 butut
  • Main exports: Peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
  • GNI per capita: US $440 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Ghana

  • Full name: Republic of Ghana
  • Population: 24.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Accra
  • Area: 238,533 sq km (92,098 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, African languages including Akan, Ewe
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Cedi
  • Main exports: Gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminium, manganese ore, diamonds
  • GNI per capita: US $700 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Guinea Bissau

 

Guinea

  • Full name: The Republic of Guinea
  • Population: 10.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Conakry
  • Area: 245,857 sq km (94,926 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Susu, Fulani, Mandingo
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 62 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Guinean franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
  • GNI per capita: US $370 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Ivory Coast

  • Full name: The Republic of Ivory Coast
  • Population: 21.6 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Yamoussoukro
  • Largest city: Abidjan
  • Area: 322,462 sq km (124,503 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, indigenous languages
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 61 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cocoa, coffee, tropical woods, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
  • GNI per capita: US $1,060 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Kenya

  • Full name: The Republic of Kenya
  • Population: 40.8 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Nairobi
  • Area: 582,646 sq km (224,961 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Swahili, English
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 57years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Kenya shilling = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products
  • GNI per capita: US $770 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Lesotho

  • Full name: The Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Population: 2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Maseru
  • Area: 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Sesotho, English
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 47 years (men), 47 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 loti (L) = 100 lisente
  • Main exports: Water, diamonds, clothing, wool, mohair, food, livestock
  • GNI per capita: US $1,030 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Liberia

  • Full name: Republic of Liberia
  • Population: 4.1 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Area: 99,067 sq km (38,250 sq miles)
  • Languages: English, 29 African languages belonging to the Mande, Kwa or Mel linguistic groups
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 59 years (men), 61 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
  • GNI per capita: US $160 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Libya

  • Full name: The Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  • Population: 6.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Tripoli
  • Area: 1.77 million sq km (685,524 sq miles)
  • Major language: Arabic
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
  • Main exports: Crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas
  • GNI per capita: US $12,020 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Madagascar

  • Full name: Republic of Madagascar
  • Population: 20.1 million (via UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Antananarivo
  • Area: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Malagasy (official), French
  • Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 61 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Ariary
  • Main exports: Vanilla, coffee, seafood, cloves, petroleum products, chromium, fabrics
  • GNI per capita: US $420 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events

Malawi

  • Full name: The Republic of Malawi
  • Population: 15.6 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Lilongwe
  • Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, Chichewa (both official)
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 57 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Malawi kwacha (MK) = 100 tambala
  • Main exports: Tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $280 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Mali

  • Full name: The Republic of Mali
  • Population: 13.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Bamako
  • Area: 1.25 million sq km (482,077 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Bambara, Berber, Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cotton, gold, livestock
  • GNI per capita: US $680 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Mauritania

  • Full name: The Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Population: 3.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Area: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic (official), French, others
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 ouguiya = 5 khoums
  • Main exports: Fish and fish products, iron ore, gold
  • GNI per capita: US $960 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Mauritius

  • Full name: The Republic of Mauritius
  • Population: 1.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital and largest city: Port Louis
  • Area: 2,040 sq km (788 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Creole, French, Indian languages
  • Major religions: Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 68 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Mauritian rupee=100 cents
  • Main exports: Sugar, clothing, tea, jewellery
  • GNI per capita: US $7,240 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Morocco

  • Full name: The Kingdom of Morocco
  • Population: 32.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Largest city: Casablanca
  • Area: 710,850 sq km (274,461 sq miles) (including W Sahara)
  • Major languages: Arabic (official), Berber, French, Spanish
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Dirham = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Minerals, seafood products, citrus fruit
  • GNI per capita: US $2,790 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Mozambique

  • Full name: The Republic of Mozambique
  • Population: 23.4 million (via UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Portuguese (official), Makua-Lomwe, Swahili, other indigenous languages
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 49 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 metical (plural meticais) = 100 centavos
  • Main exports: Seafood, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $440 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Namibia

  • Full name: The Republic of Namibia
  • Population: 2.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Windhoek
  • Area: 824,292 sq km (318,261 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 62 years (men), 63 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Namibian dollar = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium, livestock
  • GNI per capita: US $4,290 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Niger

  • Full name: The Republic of Niger
  • Population: 15.8 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Niamey
  • Area: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French (official), Arabic, Hausa, Songhai
  • Major religions: Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 53 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Uranium, livestock products
  • GNI per capita: US $340 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Nigeria

  • Full name: The Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Population: 158.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Abuja
  • Largest city: Lagos
  • Area: 923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Nigerian naira = 100 kobo
  • Main exports: Petroleum, petroleum products, cocoa, rubber
  • GNI per capita: US $1,140 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Reunion

  • Territory: Reunion
  • Status: French overseas territory
  • Territory: Reunion
  • Status: French overseas territory
  • Population: 777,000 (UN, 2005)
  • Capital: Saint-Denis
  • Area: 2,507 sq km (968 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French (official), Creole
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 79 years (women)
  • Monetary unit: euro
  • Main exports: Sugar, rum
  • GNI per capita: US$14,385 (UN, 2003)

Rwanda

  • Full name: Republic of Rwanda
  • Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Area: 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Swahili
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 54 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Rwandan franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Coffee, tea, hides, tin ore
  • GNI per capita: US $460 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

São Tomé and Principe

Senegal

  • Full name: Republic of Senegal
  • Population: 12.8 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Dakar
  • Area: 196,722 sq km (75,955 sq miles)
  • Major language: French (official), Wolof
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 55 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Fish, peanuts, petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $1,030 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Seychelles

  • Full name: The Republic of Seychelles
  • Population: 87,300 (UN, 2009)
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Area: 455 sq km (176 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, French, Creole
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: n/a
  • Monetary unit: 1 Seychelles rupee = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (re-exports)
  • GNI per capita: US $8,480 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Sierra Leone

  • Full name: Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Population: 5.7 million (UN, 2009)
  • Capital: Freetown
  • Area: 71,740 sq km (27,699 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, Krio (Creole language derived from English) and a range of African languages
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 46 years (men), 49 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Leone
  • Main exports: Diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
  • GNI per capita: US $320 (World Bank, 2008)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Somalia

  • Population: 9.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Area: 637,657sq km (246,201 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 53 years (women)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Somali shilling = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Livestock, bananas, hides, fish
  • GNI per capita: n/a
    For further information on Chronological Events.

South Africa

  • Full name: Republic of South Africa
  • Population: 50.5 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capitals: Pretoria (executive capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital)
  • Largest city: Johannesburg
  • Area: 1.22 million sq km (470,693 sq miles)
  • Major languages: 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu
  • Major religion: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 52 years (men), 54 years (women)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Rand = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Gold, diamonds, metals and minerals, cars, machinery
  • GNI per capita: US $5,770 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Sudan

  • Full name: Republic of Sudan
  • Population: 43.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Area: 2.5 million sq km (966,757 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic, English (official), others
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity, Animism
  • Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 61 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Sudanese pound
  • Main exports: Oil, cotton, sesame, livestock and hides, gum arabic
  • GNI per capita: US $1,220 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Swaziland

  • Population: 1.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • Area: 17,364 sq km (6,704 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Swazi, English (both official)
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 48 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Lilangeni = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Sugar, wood pulp, minerals
  • GNI per capita: US $2,350 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

 

Tanzania

  • Full name: United Republic of Tanzania
  • Population: 45 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Dodoma (official), Dar es Salaam (commercial)
  • Largest city: Dar es Salaam
  • Area: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, Swahili
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Gold, sisal, cloves, coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco
  • GNI per capita: US $500 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

 

Togo

  • Full name: Togolese Republic
  • Population: 6.8 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Lome
  • Area: 56,785 sq km (21,925 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French (official), local languages
  • Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 62 years (men), 66 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cocoa, phosphates, coffee, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $440 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Tunisia

  • Full name: Tunisian Republic
  • Population: 10.4 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Tunis
  • Area: 164,150 sq km (63,378 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic (official); French
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Tunisian dinar (TD) = 1,000 millimes
  • Main exports: Agricultural products, textiles, oil
  • GNI per capita: US $3,720 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Uganda

  • Full name: Republic of Uganda
  • Population: 33.8 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Kampala
  • Area: 241,038 sq km (93,072 sq miles)
  • Major languages: English (official), Swahili (official), Luganda, various Bantu and Nilotic languages
  • Major religions: Christianity, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 55 years (men), 56 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Ugandan shilling = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Coffee, fish and fish products, tea; tobacco, cotton, corn, beans, sesame
  • GNI per capita: US $460 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

Zambia

  • Full name: Republic of Zambia
  • Population: 13.2 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
  • Major language: English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Hinduism, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Kwacha = 100 ngwee
  • Main exports: Copper, minerals, tobacco
  • GNI per capita: US $970 (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.

 

Zanzibar

  • Territories: Zanzibar and Pemba Island
  • Status: Semi-autonomous islands in union with Tanzania
  • Population: 982,000 (2002, Tanzania census)
  • Capital: Zanzibar
  • Area: 2,461 sq km (950 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Kiswahili, English
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 42 years (men), 44 years (women)
  • Monetary unit: Tanzania shilling
  • Main exports: Cloves, seaweed, coconut, copra
  • GNI per capita: n/a


Zimbabwe

  • Full name: Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Population: 12.6 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Harare
  • Area: 390,759 sq km (150,873 sq miles)
  • Major language: English (official), Shona, Sindebele
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
  • Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Zimbabwe dollar = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Tobacco, cotton, agricultural products, gold, minerals
  • GNI per capita: Estimated to be low income: $995 or less (World Bank, 2009)
    For further information on Chronological Events.